Vowels


short low
a
e
i
o

short high
1
4
7
0

short low nasal
2
5
8
-

short high nasal
3
6
9
=

long low
aa
ee
ii
oo

long high
11
44
77
00

long low nasal
22
55
88
--

long high nasal
33
66
99
==

short with glottal stop
a'
e'
i'
o'

short high with glottal stop
1'
4'
7'
0'

short low nasal with glottal stop
2'
5'
8'
-'

long high with glottal stop
11'
44'
77'
00'

long low with glottal stop
aa'
ee'
ii'
oo'

long low nasal with glottal stop
11'
44'
77'
00'

falling tone
1a
4e
7i
0o

rising tone
a1
e4
i7
o0

Consonants


b
ch
ch'

d
dl
dz

g
gh
h

hw
j
k

k'
kw
l

[
m
n

]
s
sh

t
t'
t[

t['
ts
ts'

w
x
y

z
zh